The cage, as an important part of the bearing, plays a role in guiding and separating the rolling body.The guiding effect of cage actually refers to the correction of the rolling body operation.This correction is achieved by collision between the cage and the surrounding parts.
There are three general bearing cage guiding methods: rolling body guiding, inner ring guiding, outer ring guiding.
design of the standard structure of guide roller, such as short
cylindrical roller bearing, the guide roller and cage and out of touch
with both internal and external circle surface of the guard, cage can be
common, but under the high speed roller speed increased, the rotation
is not stable, so the guide roller is suitable for medium and medium
load, such as gear box bearing, etc.
The bearing cage guided by the rolling body is located in the middle of the rolling body.The
cage and the inner and outer rings of the bearing do not contact and
collide. The collision between the cage and the roller corrects the
motion of the roller, while separating the rollers at a certain
Outer ring guide:
The outer ring is generally static, and the outer ring guides the lubricating oil into the guide surface and the raceway.The high speed gearbox is lubricated by oil mist, and the oil is squeezed out by the rotating inner ring guiding.The
bearing cage guided by the outer ring is located on the side of the
rolling body close to the outer ring. When the bearing is running, the
bearing cage may collide with the outer ring to correct the cage
outer ring guide is generally used in the case of high speed and stable
load. Take the cylindrical roller bearing as an example, it only bears a
fixed value of axial load, and the rotation speed of the rolling body
does not change much when rotating, and the rotation of the cage is not
Inner ring guide:
inner ring is generally a rotating ring, and provides a rolling body to
drag the torque when rotating. If the bearing load is unstable, or the
load is light, there will be skidding.
the cage is guided internally, an oil film is formed on the guide
surface of the cage. The friction of the oil film in the non-load area
rings the cage to drag the power, thus increasing the additional driving
torque of the cage to the rolling body, which can prevent skidding.
bearing cage guided by the inner ring is located near the rolling body
to the inner ring. When the bearing is running, the cage may collide
with the inner ring of the bearing, thus correcting the cage position.
cage guidance modes may appear in different types of bearings, which
have performance reasons, as well as the design and manufacture of
bearings themselves.Engineers can choose according to their needs.But sometimes engineers don't have a choice.However, the different performance of the different cage guiding methods should be noted.
differences of the three cages are mainly shown in the following
aspects: the performance differences of the bearings with the three
cages guide modes are mainly shown in the speed performance differences
under different lubrication conditions.
All three cage types of bearings can be used for oil lubrication and grease lubrication.