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Comparative test and analysis of hub bearing seal structure at home and abroad

Comparative test and analysis of hub bearing seal structure at home and abroad


Comparative method is the enterprise to promote technological progress, a shortcut to improve the quality of products, through the analysis and comparison of the domestic and foreign similar samples, get each other a lot of information technology, quality, draw lessons from foreign products in the structure of the advantages of the technology and characteristics of our advantage, overcome the enterprise in product quality and technical level of disparity and the insufficiency, improved, to catch up with advanced level at home and abroad, strengthen market competition ability, to win the domestic and foreign markets, to lay a solid foundation.

Bearing vibration acceleration

Bearing vibration acceleration value is in S0910 (Ⅲ).The vibration acceleration values corresponding to different rows of steel balls of hub bearing are mainly tested.The average vibration value of domestic bearings is 5.8dB higher than that of foreign bearings.In different frequency bands, domestic bearings are obviously higher than foreign bearings in high frequency bands.This is related to the parallelism difference, waviness, roughness, ball quality, bearing cleanliness and many other factors.

Bearing clearance and rotation accuracy

The axial clearance of foreign bearings is much smaller than that of domestic bearings.The rotary precision of bearings abroad is obviously higher than that of bearings at home.Bearing clearance and rotation accuracy have important influence on sealing performance. The larger the clearance, the lower the accuracy and the worse the sealing effect.

Three, bearing grease

The fat-filling quality of domestic bearings is 27% higher than that of foreign bearings.Since the net space inside the bearing cannot be accurately calculated, there is no way to know the fat filling rate.However, the net space of foreign bearing should be larger than that of domestic bearing due to its large diameter, small number of steel balls and thin steel plate of seal skeleton.It can be inferred that the fat filling rate of domestic bearings is more than 27% higher than that of foreign bearings.

Bearing seal

The profile of bearing seal at home and abroad USES three lip seal, but the structure type is different.The differences are as follows:

1. The contact interference amount or clearance amount between the three sealing lips and the oil rejection ring is different.

The interference amount of sealing of foreign bearing 2 lip is small, while that of 3 lip is gap seal, and that of 1 lip is equal to that of domestic bearing.Generally speaking, foreign bearings are low-torque type seals, and the friction torque, interference and contact force are small. The temperature rise of bearings should be lower than that of domestic bearings.

2. Structural differences of the seals' 3 lips.

The direction of the 3 lips of the foreign and domestic bearing seals is opposite, and the gap is between the 3 lips of the foreign bearing seals and the oil ring.When the bearing rotates and the temperature rises, the gas pressure in the inner space of the bearing must rise.In Figure 1, since the gap between the 3 lips and the oil swing ring is no obstacle, the leakage channel will be formed through the 2 lips and 1 lips when the pressure is relatively small.In this way, grease leakage will be slow due to the small pressure difference between inside and outside.In Figure 2, when the pressure is small, the seal interference of 3 lips will increase with the increase of pressure.When the pressure rises high enough, the three lips are instantly pushed aside and a pressure outlet channel is formed through the two lips and the one lip. The pressure and grease will be locally concentrated in the instant.

3. Structural difference of seal 1 lip

The Angle between the 1 lip of the foreign bearing seal and the bearing axis line is relatively large. Although the contact interference amount is the same as that of domestic bearing, the contact area is relatively large and the contact force is small.On the one hand, the friction moment is reduced; on the other hand, the sealing effect is strengthened.

4. Structural difference of seal 2 lips

Foreign bearing seal 2 lip root is thinner, the end is thicker, and the end contour slope upward.A storage space is formed between the 2 and 3 lips.The thickness of bearing 2 lip is relatively uniform in China, and the area between 2 lip and 3 lip cannot store foreign muddy water and dust.

5. Ability to resist foreign mud and dust

The external mud and dust will enter through the clearance 4, first stay in the space, the space full, through the space, into the bearing interior.Foreign bearing space,, have the function of storage, domestic bearing only space, have the function of storage.Therefore, the foreign bearing has a better ability to resist foreign mud and dust.

Five, the conclusion

1. The axial clearance of bearings abroad is relatively small, with high rotation accuracy, which is favorable for improving the sealing effect.

2. The fat-filling capacity and fat-filling rate of foreign bearings are at least 27% lower than those of domestic bearings, and the fat-filling amount of domestic bearings is higher.

3. Foreign and domestic bearings have adopted the type of three-lip sealing and oil-rejection ring, but there are obvious differences in the three-lip structure.Foreign bearing seal is a low torque seal, friction torque is smaller, less heat, has excellent resistance to foreign mud, dust, but also has a better ability to prevent grease leakage.Domestic bearing sealing structure in the ability to resist foreign mud, dust, in preventing grease leakage is better, but due to large friction torque, high temperature rise, make the grease thin, the difference in pressure between the bearing inside and outside increase, plus grease filling too much, thereby reducing the effect of preventing grease leakage.

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